Paolo Soleri, Einstein and Gandhi

Note: Thanks to Richard Register for writing this article on Paolo Soleri, the man and the mind behind Arcosanti. You can hear Paolo on Day 3 of the Summit, Saturday April 25.


Said a friend recently, “We hear about Paolo Soleri so infrequently these days, why do you keep mentioning him as a key person in your career, anyway?” “My career? Should be everybody’s survival, not just one individual’s career.”

By Richard Register

Paolo Soleri Paolo Soleri is one of the three most important people of the 20th century, and leading into the 21st century now. Time Magazine got it backward deliberating on their two nominees when its editors and publishers chose Einstein over Gandhi as Man of the 20th Century. Of course they missed Paolo entirely, for reasons I’ll contemplate below. 

In “outward looking,” mechanistic Western tradition they chose Einstein over Gandhi because Einstein told us a great deal about the universe we are part of, the universe outside of ourselves, and how it works in terms of physics and mathematics. Very important for sure, even beautiful in its way. Gandhi, however told us about ourselves and how to survive deep into the future by way of non-violence and self-discipline, by the love and spiritual/psychological path that many equate with the “inward looking” Eastern tradition. Of course! Time Magazine is a western publication.

Gandhi, like Einstein, worked in the physical world but in a very different field of action, destroying the most far-flung empire the world ever saw and replacing it with the still-largest democracy on the planet – all with non-violence and appeal to the compassionate and spiritual. It is amazing, and to our discredit and gathering danger, that he is talked about so infrequently these days. On behalf of us Westerners avoiding self-confrontation, Time Magazine correctly represented the strong tendency of economics and science to embrace Adam Smith’s “invisible hand” of economics and supposed objectivity of science leading the way, with little guidance from whatever it is humanity really is. We float into the future following what is physically possible. We blindly follow the pathetically under-examined and under-evaluated trends of economy. (Should we really follow something that’s invisible?!)

Soleri figures in as providing the General Field Theory that Einstein sought unsuccessfully, because he, Einstein, didn’t identify one of those key items in the evolutionary process, namely us people with our ability to shape evolution itself, to provide another dimension of creativity to the full swath of evolution’s course through the universe – and destructivity. What we add to evolution are love and hate, passion and robotic numbness, greed and generosity, good and evil and other elements of a wide range of “drivers” way off the radar screen of physics and math. Soleri, though developing the theory in a language that most people couldn’t read – or didn’t want to think about – said it most succinctly in the title of one of his books: “The Bridge Between Matter and Spirit is Matter Becoming Spirit.” This sounds puzzling to most people but simply means that evolution delivers changes in a particular pattern in which people now play a crucial role giving rise to higher levels of integration, physically and thereby spiritually, if spirit means higher levels of consciousness and conscience in us humans and heading toward whatever may come in moving in that direction into the unknown reaches of future evolution.

Presently, human impact on evolution is massively evident and has been understood almost solely in destructive terms, us two-legged, brain-bright exterminating angles sweeping across the planet with spears, atel-atels, bows and arrows and guns destroying most of the larger fauna of the biosphere, with axes and chainsaws, destroying most of the forests, with plows and bulldozers cutting through the soils… and so on. Now massive amounts of CO2 from our sprawling cities designed on the measure of cars, not people, destroy the stability of the climate system of a whole planet. That the Earth is experiencing an “extinction spasm” and collapsing biodiversity for all of the planet and evolution here into the many millions of years in the future is well known and accepted by anyone who studies ecological biodiversity, paleontology, evolution or just plain biology. Most people don’t want to think too much about that, or if they do, just wallow in their vulnerability and lack of courage to fight back by doing something uncomfortably new, difficult, strenuous, systematic, disciplined and rewarding. They fantasize instead about moving to a country farm, putting a solar “collector” on their roof, growing a vegetable garden while actually doing little to put even that dreamy effort in gear.

But if we took up the challenge of rescuing evolution from the division between physics and us creative agents, who are people potentially in sync with Einstein’s universe and Gandhi’s notion of who we can be, they’d realize there is a very positive side to all this interference in evolution, which is our ability to build ourselves and our cities, towns and villages in a way to get evolution back on a healthy track. We can, as Gandhi demonstrated, mold ourselves into agents of peaceful evolution. We can, as Soleri proposes in his ideas for reshaping the built environment, help reshape ourselves at the same time we are supporting, not attacking, biodiversity in the way we build our cities, towns and villages. Einstein was hooked into physics and math that were too limited, broad though they be, to give efficacy to the world we humans operate in, the world Gandhi was exploring, the world Soleri described pretty well and not only that but demonstrated in his attempts to build something capable of radical energy, land, time and other resources conservation, that is, lean and efficient “matter” organized for biodiversity and attaining higher human creative and compassionate potential.


View from Arcosanti
The view from Paolo Soleri’s project, Arcosanti

People have not caught on to Paolo’s enormous and crucial contribution for many reason, no doubt many reasons I don’t understand myself. But I see a large part of the problem of ignoring his powerful contribution as having to do with everyone following each other around in a circle like a heard of sheep, everyone wanting to be accepted and everyone afraid of genuine change. People wanting to thrive right now in material terms, cling possessively to every shred of “success,” people trying to be accepted into academic propriety, look smart and attractive, become an embodiment of business success, provide for the funding sources what the foundations and governments want, send the kids to the right schools, follow the “invisible hand” of the market place instead of the creative mind of… ourselves. We follow the supposedly objective directives of science and go where it seems to be blindly leading us rather than saying, “WE decide to go there, but not there.” Our stinginess in giving to the future, paying taxes and using them for the future, the fear of investing something in the future when we might be able to enjoy something else in comfort today is involved too, no doubt. I have nothing against some comforts and pleasant habits, and we can have some of those. But we need to face up to some real discomfort, embrace some serious even painful exercise, summons real effort and courage to grow into something “spiritual” from the material world we are part of, as Soleri suggests in that title of his book. We need to do this to facilitate a healthy direction for evolution here on this planet and in our corner of the universe.

Einstein was amazing but he didn’t get it totally right if a mere layman dare say. There’s simply more to evolution and the universe than math and physics and there’s far more to life than that. The attempt for a unified field theory based on such reduction was just too narrowly drawn.

Soleri alerted us to the direction evolution takes – moving toward more complexity and miniaturization in ever more harmonious whole systems – and suggested a methodology that would help enormously in that direction: the reshaping of cities in a healthy direction and at the same time, therefore, a reshaping of ourselves.


4 Responses to Paolo Soleri, Einstein and Gandhi

  1. Einstein wrote that humanity’s problems wouldn’t be solved through math and physics, but through through spirituality and religion. We are looking for the bonding element to bring all the positive social forces together on this planet so that a new design/science paradigm is born. I call this force Lovolution, the evolution of revolution, a non-violent world-wide movement to build a network of arcologies on Earth and in Outer Space.

    Soleri made a wonderful contribution to the human species by visualizing arcology. I see arcology as the new ark necessary for our planetary salvation, a container needed for us to survive the onslaught of global warming. Now is the time to find the social architecture needed to make arcology real. You can read my theory of “sacred arcology” and conscious evolution at:

    The Gaia Analogy: A Planetary Life Cell

    Also, ideas I will be presenting at the Ecocity Summitt can be read at:

    The New Urbanism VS Sacred Arcology

    Doctress Neutopia

  2. I found this article extremely interesting, mostly because I too had never heard of Paolo Soleri. In the interest of dialogue, I will add that while I think the criticism of our current system as one where everyone is “following each other around in a circle like a heard of sheep” is apt, I do not think that this indicates the marketplace is really at fault. The marketplace is a means, and as you indicate, most people use it as an end. I think that to a certain extent this will always be true of a certain unreflective subset of the population. And for those of us who can rise above these pressures, instead of shunning the marketplace, we must push all the more harder for the realization of our values in it. There is a tendency among some to shun money-making altogether, but quite frankly I think if we are to ever realize to the greatest extent possible the visions of a Paolo Soleri or a Buckminster Fuller (who said there exist enough resources on planet Earth not just for our sustainability but for all of us to live as billionaires) we will have to adapt their inventions in a way that directs the world’s limited resources to them and that will involve marketing them to the masses. We must not loose site of our goal by embracing the marketplace. But companies like Whole Foods, I think, have shown that a sustainable vision and marketplace dynamics can actually be reinforcing. If we don’t try, we will never be able to answer my question:

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